Indonesia holds the leadership of ASEAN in 2023. So far, the parameters from the view of effects from climate emergency are proper, but the challenge is always in orchestrating mechanism to actions.
There is now a risk that freedom of expression becomes seen as a topic only for those on the outer edges of the debate, not as an issue that concerns ordinary people. If efforts to improve the tone of public debate are to succeed, they must avoid suppressing legitimate speech and engage a much wider audience.
Last autumn’s war in Nagorno-Karabakh broke the status quo, which had roughly prevailed in the region since 1994. While the ceasefire negotiated by the Russian foreign ministry and President Putin personally finally stopped this war, it also gave Russia an opportunity to assemble a few important pieces in its geopolitical puzzle in the wider South Caucasus region.